Animal populations surge in Ugandan National Parks

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The number of animals in Uganda's National Parks and game reserves has soared over the past decade, the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) says.

The latest figures show that the population of some species has doubled since 1999, spokeswoman Lillian Nsubuga said. Wildlife had benefited from improved monitoring and the expulsion of rebels from the country, she added.

The animals on the rise include buffaloes, giraffes and elephants. New statistics show that the population with the biggest increase is that of the impala, a grazing antelope. The number of Impala in Uganda has surged to more than 35,000 from around 1,600 at the time of the last census in 1999. Hippopotamuses, waterbucks and zebras are also on the increase.

Ms Nsubuga said UWA had been able to reduce poaching by improving the monitoring of national parks and reserves and by offering incentives to local communities to protect wildlife.

"We can't say that poaching is no longer a problem, but we have been able to reduce it", Ms Nsubuga said.

Full article BBC NEWS Africa, 25th September.

Comment from UCF

UCF works closely with the Uganda Wildlife Authority to tackle poaching, building the capacity of the law enforcement teams to confront bushmeat traffickers and dismantle poacher camps.

Through its Waterways Project UCF has established a number of marine ranger stations equipped with boats to enable the UWA rangers to move more quickly and easily in order to combat poaching and other illegal activities. We are pleased that the work of UCF is showing dividends with increasing wildlife numbers. Nevertheless, poaching, bushmeat and ivory trafficking does continue and UCF is seeking to expand its work and support of UWA into other national parks and game reserves within Uganda to try to ensure that the increase in wildlife numbers may continue and rebuild to make Uganda once again the Pearl of Africa.

Ten years after constitution UCF continues to support the communities and wildlife of Uganda.  UCF can only succeed with your help. PLEASE DONATE ONLINE NOW.


Two elephants killed in Ugandan wildlife reserve

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Two elephants were killed last week in Toro-Semliki wildlife reserve in western Uganda by poachers who crossed over from the Congo (DRC).

Two suspects are being held by the army (UPDF), pending investigations. Three tusks and a gun were recovered from them.

“It is unusual for poachers to cross over from the DR Congo and kill endangered species undetected,” the source said. In a separate interview, John Makombo, the acting head of the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), said the poacher who is being held is a Ugandan from Ntoroko and not a Congolese.

“UWA is working with security operatives to identify the ownership of the gun recovered from the poacher,” he said. “It is possible that he was working for someone from Congo which has a porous border. Many poachers prefer working in Congo and use Uganda as a trafficking route.”  

He also said UWA will share information with MIKE, the Monitoring of the Illegal Killing of Elephants, and the Lusaka Task Agreement Force, which polices wildlife crime. Uganda has 5,000 elephants and the number is increasing after the population had slumped in the 1970s due to political and civil unrest.

Although last week’s incident is the first case of killing elephants in Semliki, elephants from Queen Elizabeth National Park regularly cross back and forth to the DRC. “This is an ecological system and that is why Uganda and the DR Congo collaborate in managing the animals,” said Okello Obongo, the chief park warden. “Large mammals do not know boundaries and the most important thing is to protect them irrespective of where they are.”

Excerpt from New Vision, 7th September, by Gerald Tenywa.

Comment from UCF

UCF works closely with the Uganda Wildlife Authority to tackle poaching, building the capacity of the law enforcement teams to confront bushmeat traffickers and dismantle poacher camps.

The Uganda Conservation Foundation has its origins in Ishasha, southern Queen Elizabeth. It is here that Michael Keigwin researched the Elephant, Crops and People project. One of the results of this project was improved cross-border relationships and coordination between the law enforcement agencies in Uganda and the DRC.

Ten years on, UCF continues to support the communities of Ishasha through the excavation of elephant trenches and other Human Wildlife Conflict mitigation measures. If you’d like to support PLEASE DONATE ONLINE NOW.


Elephant ivory from Uganda makes up largest Kenyan seizure in the recent past

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Two tons of illegal ivory confiscated en route from Uganda

Last week, an unaccompanied cargo of two tons of ivory and five rhino horns left Uganda’s Entebbe airport and was intercepted by Kenyan authorities in Nairobi.

A total of 317 pieces of elephant tusk were seized.Most of the tusks seem to have been collected from natural deaths of about 150 elephants over the last 20 years, the most recent being just six months old.

The cargo, which was falsely declared as containing only fresh avocados, was packed in 12 wooden crates. The authorities were suspicious of the way the so-named fruits were packaged, the weight of the consignment and their intended destination of Malaysia.

One of the suspects in the operation was charged in a Nairobi court on Tuesday while the main owner of the consignment is still on the run. Investigators are following up on the vehicle that transported the contraband and its driver. The second suspect, who was an employee of a freight company, was released after questioning.

Kenya Wildlife Service and regional wildlife group Lusaka Agreement Task Force are in the process of contacting the Uganda Wildlife Authorities to help with investigation on the source of the contraband and how it slipped through Entebbe Airport unnoticed.  

A total of three seizures of illegal ivory from Uganda and Mozambique were made at Kenya's main airport in Nairobi in one week.

In the same week, a Chinese national was jailed for 18 months in Nairobi for attempting to smuggle 10 illegal worked ivory chopping sticks and two bangles.

Source: Kenya Broadcasting Corporation, August 26, 2010

Comment from UCF

Poaching elephants for ivory is at its highest levels since the 1989 ivory ban. UCF believes that the sale of ivory products exacerbates the poaching problem.

Pictured are elephant tusks seized in Singapore in 2002. In this haul, 6.5 tons of ivory were seized. Images courtesy of the Center for Conservation Biology, University of Washington

Dr Samuel K. Wasser, Director of the Centre for Conservation Biology at the University of Washington, said there was a clear link between one-off sales and the rise in poaching. He says the sales revive dormant markets by sending consumers the message that it is acceptable in general to once again buy ivory and make it difficult to differentiate between legal and illegal products.

UCF are working with Dr Wasser to analyse and map elephant DNA across Uganda for the INTERPOL database that can pinpoint - and thus target law enforcement to - the exact origin of confiscated ivory. To read more about this landmark, high profile international project, click here - Elephant DNA Sampling

Funding is urgently sought to complete the last stage of the Elephant DNA project. PLEASE DONATE ONLINE NOW.

Traffic, the wildlife trade monitoring group, tracks ivory seizures and found that poaching and smuggling to markets mostly in Asia has risen steadily since 2004. They blame weak law enforcement in Africa and growing demand for ivory products like chopsticks and ivory.

A note about the rhino horns seized

Uganda is commonly used as a smuggling route from Sudan and the DRC, for example, which explains the presence of rhino horns in the shipment. In 1970 Uganda was home to 300 black rhinos and 120 white rhinos but by 1982 the rhino had been wiped out in Uganda. Poaching was the major factor behind the animal’s swift demise. Rhino horns can command up to one million US Dollars for their aphrodisiac properties (in parts of Asia) and for dagger handles (in the Middle East). In 2005 four Kenyan rhinos were brought to Uganda.  Three rhino have now been born at the Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary in Nakasongola and the long-term aim of the project is reintroduction of the species into Uganda’s Protected Areas.

Hot off the press is our report on the Hippo Survey of Queen Elizabeth Protected Area

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Hot off the press is our report on the Hippo Survey of Queen Elizabeth, all the more poignant this year for its ability to help monitor the current Anthrax outbreak that has so far resulted in the deaths of 82 hippos.

One of the greatest attractions in Queen Elizabeth Protected Area are hippo. Whether in the Ishasha River or the Kazinga Channel, hippo have always dominated the waterways of QEPA. At one time, QEPA – an area of almost 2000 km2 - had more mega herbivores per km2 than anywhere else in Africa. In the 1960s, the number was so high that they had turned grasslands to dust, and a cull was carried out to recover the habitat for all species.

During the 1970s and 1980s, severe poaching decimated wildlife numbers. Much improved park management and protection of key note species such as the elephant have helped greatly, but today killing hippos for meat remains the most frequent form of poaching. The frequency and impact of poaching is easy to see, with many of QE’s rivers and hippo pools noticeably empty.

In May 2006 the hippo was finally identified as a vulnerable species on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, with an estimated global population of between 125,000 and 150,000 - a decline of between 7% and 20% since the IUCN's previous study in 1996. The hippo, like other mega herbivores, is key to shaping the habitat that many other species depend on.

The UCF-funded boat, based at Mweya, has been helping in the clean-up operation following the recent Anthrax outbreak. This is one of the four UCF-funded Waterways project boats in QE.

Over the past 100 years outbreaks of anthrax have also occurred in QE, with 300 hippo dying in 2004. This, combined with the above factors, continues to make the hippo population vulnerable.

Comment from UCF

The UCF /Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) survey involved three weeks of sometimes risky work across very difficult terrain: of uncharted swamps, fast-flowing rivers and turbulent lakes, all while on the look-out for hippo, a mammal responsible for more deaths across Africa annually than any other.

The survey team noted that hippo are very wary of humans where there is illegal fishing, highlighting the fact that poachers have been killing and smuggling hippo meat via boat.  On the rivers, hippo tend to congregate in safe havens such as ranger camps. Far from the camps, they are easily scared, jumping out of the river when the team approached, an indication that man is an enemy to them.

A school of hippos in the Ishasha River in southern Queen Elizabeth National Park, bordering the DRC.

This survey engages a number of UCF projects including the Waterways Project which in QEPA comprises four Marine Ranger Stations, each equipped with power boats and all of the necessary equipment, and accredited training programme for 30 Marine Rangers as coxswains and 6 as trainers, giving UWA the capacity to tackle illegal activity on the lake and the wide expanse of lakes and rivers criss-crossing the Protected Area. Based on the data collected in the survey, UWA can now focus ranger patrolling against poachers even more accurately.

The value of this biannual survey, kindly supported by the SeaWorld Busch Gardens Conservation Fund, is that it underpins UWA’s ability to protect and manage hippo and other species; fisheries; the economy and sustainable development of the local fishing villages; the habitat for all species; and develop the working relationship between the Uganda Wildlife Authority and the local communities.

To obtain a full copy of the report, click here to download

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Text E for elephant

Text messages help to stop crop raiding elephant and save families' crops and the elephant's life.

Kimani, a 5 tonne african bull elephant, has a soft spot for villagers' crops in the Ol Pejetia Conservancy, Kenya. At harvest time on the neighbouring village farms he has helped himself to a free takeaway bringing him into conflict with the aggrieved and frightened farmers, who were threatening to take the law into their own hands.

This kind of incident can seriously undermine the efforts of conservationists to persuade local communities that it is in their long term interests to live side by side with elephants. No amount of community development can compensate for the devastating loss of livelihood. In one night 15 hungry families once saw their entire harvest wiped out in a single crop raiding incident.

In a desperate bid to save him, Save the Elephants decided to use him as a guinea pig to test a portable early warning system. They fitted him with a collar in which they inserted a mobile phone sim card. Then they used a Global Positioning System to set up a virtual fence around the perimeter of the conservancy.
Whenever Kimani strays beyond the invisible barrier he triggers an automated text message which alerts the  conservancy HQ. A lone ranger then sets out in a jeep to intercept the elephant and herd him back towards the conservancy.

Whilst still at the embryonic stage there are signs of success for this trial. Crop raiding has diminished appreciably as although he was apprehended on numerous occasions in the early stages of the trial, Kimani has not reoffended for several months. His improved behaviour has also influenced other members of the group with the result that villagers who previously had to resort to banging their pots and pans all night to ward off raiding elephants can now sleep soundly.

In the words of a villager who once had to fight off a hungry elephant with a burning stick "We can live together. Elephants have the right to live and we have the right to live too."

( Extract of article by Tim Knight, Fauna & Flora, October 2009

Comment: UCF works with the Uganda Wildlife Authority and communities in Uganda to help alleviate animal crop raiding  in a number of its projects.  In addition to saving harvests for families, the projects have helped to reduce illness through men no longer having to guard their fields at night and to improve school attendance through children not having to patrol the fields in the daytime.

You can help this work by donating funds for this work by clicking here.